Vegan Meat and Vegan Seafood
The categories of vegan meat and vegan seafood are very multivariant such as vegetarian patty, vegetarian steak, vegan chicken chicken cubes, vegan hot dog, vegan sausage, vegan cod fish filet, vegan Japanese BBQ eel, vegan fried beltfish and vegan mince. These foods are made of vegetable protein plus vegetarian condiments; they are made into vegetarian foods that are similar to meat and seafood in the appearance and mouthfeel.
There are many reasons why vegetarian food springs up. Among the reasons, the reason that is worth more noticing is “food crisis and climate change”. Under the background of population growing rapidly and newly industrialized countries gradually improving, it makes the population that can afford to eat meat become more and more. Soy beans are the sources of the feed that is used to rear cattle and pigs. With the need of beef and pork increasing sharply, it makes the cultivated area of soy beans become wider and wider. However, after calculating carefully, people found that the amount of soy beans that are needed to produce every unit of meat is very considerable! For example, 109 grams of soy beans are needed during the rearing process to produce 100 grams of chicken breast! Then, why don’t we eat soy beans directly to consume proteins that our body needs? As a result, people start to think about “how does vegetable protein replace animal protein?”
In addition, the adjustment of western dietary habits also pushes forward the development of the vegetarian food market. For a long time, in western dietary habits, meat takes up 70% of the overall diet (while meat only takes up 10% of Chinese people’s overall diet). This kind of dietary habit often leads to consuming too much cholesterol, which then brings all sorts of health problems. Therefore, some people start to lower the consumption of meat in everyday diet and gradually include vegan meat in the list of diet. The report of the market survey done by Technavio suggests that the ratio of the population that is willing to consume vegetarian food now in the USA has already surpassed 10%. Of course, some people choose vegetarian food based on the motivation of being on a diet and maintaining a good body shape.
When the need of vegan meat and vegan seafood appears in the market, people found that Chinese people already had the habit of eating vegan meat and vegan seafood. Among Chinese people, many people choose to be a vegetarian because of their religious belief. So, vegetables are the principle food in the diet; however, if they want to consume protein, vegetable protein will be the main source for consumption. Among the food, tofu has been very popular and the representative food of vegetable protein. Tofu itself only has a little bit fragrance of soy beans. It is suitable to use every way of cooking to add the flavors. Due to this characteristic, some Chinese people also use tofu and bean curd sheet to make tofu vegan meat.
But, the vegan meat mentioned here refers to the vegan meat and seafood that is made from using vegetable protein to undergo processing twice. The production method of the vegan meat (vegan seafood): First, use technological techniques to extract isolate protein from beans; second, use textured soy protein extruder machine (the food processing machine in the production equipment of vegan meat) to raise the temperature rapidly and pressurize to make the isolate protein become fibrosis or textured vegan proteins. Among them, textured vegan protein can already be used in all kinds of meals. It can replace the julienne of meat, thin slices of meat and the minced meat in the sauce of spaghetti; while fibrosis vegan protein still needs to be processed to be used in meals. We have to use normal temperature water to soak fibrosis vegan protein and then use extruder machine to break up the fibers of fibrosis vegan protein to make it become vegan meat paste; we then add condiments and vegetable natural ebonite to solidify the paste. Lastly, put it in the steaming equipment or a deep fryer and heat it up, and then it will become vegan meat (and vegan seafood) such as vegetarian patty and vegetarian steak.
Maybe you would start wondering. The mouthfeels of beef, chicken, and fish are different. Why can they be made into vegetarian food that has similar mouthfeel? Actually, besides having the characteristic of high protein, fibrosis vegan protein is also rich in fibers and the tenacity of fiber. At the stage of processing, through the textured soy protein extruder machine we use the temperature difference and different pressure to make different fibrosis vegan protein. As a result, it depends on what kind of vegan meat you want to produce. Through different production parameters, there can be difference and variation in the mouthfeel of fibrosis vegan protein; you can choose suitable fibrosis vegan protein based on the characteristics of the fibers of meat to make different vegan meat and make the mouthfeel be very close to real beef (or pork) to become the food materials that replace meat like patties and steak.
Seasoning is a very important part of vegan meat and vegan seafood. However, normal vegetarian food often gives people the impression of light flavor and lacking variation. Under the premise that conforms to health and safety, through adding condiments to allow vegan meat and vegan seafood to retain their original flavor. For example, vegetarian patty really tastes like hamburger; vegetarian cod steak has the flavor of cod. Through this way, we encourage more people to be willing to try vegan meat and vegan seafood and even join in the big family of vegetarianism.
In the ways of cooking vegan meat and vegan seafood, you can sauté, fry, roast, braise; there are a lot of variations. Therefore, there derive more vegetarian meals that are more delicious than meat. For example, some restaurants in Taiwan provide vegetarian steak. The way of cooking is putting the vegetarian steak on the baking tray until it is done; in addition, in the night markets in Taiwan you can also see vegetarian barbecue (vegetarian hot dog, vegetarian sausages, etc.). Fried vegetarian chicken is also loved by vegetarians.
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